Standards in Reporting
Authors that report original research are required to show an accurate account of work performed as well as its significance in the form of an objective discussion. In the paper accurately representation of underlying data should be presented. Sufficient details are required to be mentioned in the paper and references to permit for replication of work must be mentioned. Falsified statements or knowingly inaccurate or unethical behavior is unacceptable.
Retention and Data Access
From the authors the editorial staff can ask to provide raw data linked with paper for editorial reviewing process, and the author must be prepared to provide such data for access, if practicable, and can retain such data after publication.
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors must ensure that they have written and provided entirely novel work, and if the author has used the work or words of other authors it must be cited or quoted appropriately.
Concurrent, Multiple or Redundant Publication
In general an author must not publish manuscripts relating essentially the same research in more than primary publication or one journal. On submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal concomitantly is unacceptable and constitutes an unethical publishing behavior.
Acknowledgement and it’s Sources
Acknowledgment of the work is always required. Citations are required by authors for the publications that are significant in determining the reported work and its nature.
Authorship of the Paper
Authors that have made a significant contribution is required to provide authorship and that must be limited to the execution, conception, design or interpretation of the reported study. Significant contributions made by different authors are required to be listed as co-authors who have participated in certain aspects of research project, required to be mentioned or listed as contributors only. Corresponding author is required to ensure all appropriate co-authors are included in the paper, and that all co-authors have approved and seen the final version paper and have approved its submission for publication in the journal.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work of the authors involve chemicals/ unusual hazards, with such equipments or procedures that is in their use, it is required to be clearly identified in the manuscript. Any research involving human subjects should be conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2013. If animal have been used in your work, it should be mentioned, The relevant official/governmental guidelines on animal research.
For Peer Reviewers
The peer reviewers are required to make every reasonable effort to follow guidelines of an article that they will agree for reviewing:
Unbiased consideration is required by reviewers for each manuscript, and must evaluate on merits and demerits, without regarding to religion, race, sex and nationality, affiliation to institution of the author or seniority.
Conflict of interest must be declared by reviewers prior when agreeing for the review that also includes any association with the author that might bias their review potentially.
Confidentiality is maintained by reviewers during and after peer-review process; any correspondence or information regarding manuscript must not be public with everybody/anybody external from the peer-review feternity.
A comprehensive, constructive, evidence based, appropriate generous is required by the reviewers.
Personal statements must be avoided by reviewer while making the report that might damage any person’s reputation.
All reasonable efforts are required by reviewers to submit recommendation and report in a timely manner, and if this is not possible it must be informed to the editor.
Attention declared to editor of the journal for any important resemblance connecting manuscript that is under concern and any of the submitted manuscripts or published paper that they are responsive of.
The reviewers are only required to examine those manuscripts in which a reviewer has subject proficiency and capability that is necessary to take out an appropriate evaluation and can easily evaluate in an appropriate manner. Can assess only those parts of manuscripts that outline evidently the area that they have got relevant knowledge.
Reviewers are required to provide the journal with professional and personal information that is accurate and represents their expertise accurately.
Immediately reviewers must refuse in reviewing if they are having issues regarding peer-reviewing and its model worn by the journal (e.g. double blind).
Ensuring publication and research integrity often requires institutions and journal to cooperate with each other in all aspect of publication and research to maintain the integrity. Journal and Institutions are encouraged to put into practice among authors, researchers, editors and reviewers i.e. to establish policy training and development. Efforts must be made by Journal as well to detect misconduct before publication (e.g. plagiarism check, author details). Possible misconduct requires investigation by journal and Institutions, correct or retract findings that are invalid or unreliable (because of misconduct or honest errors) to prevent readers from being misled by them.
Institutions are required to encourage healthy research environment and for the conduct of their researchers work.
- The research integrity is maintained by an officer (or office) and he/she should publish the contact details prominently.
- Journals must be informed about such cases of proven misconduct that affect the reliability.
- Information about issues must be responded to journals, such as authorship dispute, mislead reporting, competing interests, honest errors, or other factors that could affect the reliability of published work.
- Institution is required to initiate inquiries of research misconduct or unacceptable publication practice raised by journal.
- Maintain policies that support responsible research conduct and for investigating suspected research misconduct systems must be placed.
- In publishing details of the editor-in-chief that will act as the point of contact for questions relating to publication and research integrity.
- By informing the institutions if misconduct is suspected by their researchers by providing evidence to support these concerns.
- To cooperate with the investigations and respond to institutions’ questions about allegations and misconduct.
- Journal is required to issue corrections or retractions arising from investigations.
- Maintain policies for responding to institutions and organizations that investigates cases of misconduct in research.